Scaling MongoDB horizontally is achieved through sharding and replica sets. Former machine learning and data science practitioner, currently work in venture capital in crypto/web3. It’s apparent that subnets have manifested as better options than ZK-Rollups for web3 games. As demonstrated by the popularity of Avalanche subnets, the separate custom chain for the one-game/one-chain model has gained traction.

We will also be more than happy to set them up and configure them for you, so you can focus on your business instead. Organizations that deal with disaster recovery, as it increases their capabilities to backup critical data and applications. Retail companies, to help them meet the increase in traffic during holidays and seasonal sales. This way, load balancing ensures that no single server is overloaded, which prevents server failure and downtime. So, for example, if you’re hosting a large website on a server that isn’t capable of handling a large amount of traffic, you might want to consider adding another server. In addition, scaling up also refers to moving the workload from your server to an upgraded server, or replacing the entire server altogether.

What Is a Scale-Up in Business?

Currently, subnets and sidechains seem to be favored by web3 games as their go-to L2 scaling solutions. Scalability is a characteristic of a software system or organization that describes its capability to perform well under an increased workload. A system that scales well can maintain its level of efficiency during increased operational demand. In the early stages of a company, it’s more important to be flexible and figure out what the product is.

Scalability’s next mission will be sustainable scalability, a term and an issue that has not widely been discussed thus far. As additional clarification, SUSE also explains that horizontal (scale-out) scalability connects multiple items in order to work as a single logical unit. For scale-out storage, this means adding devices in connected arrays or clusters.

For computations, we run Docker containers on AWS elastic container service with auto-scaling, which is pretty typical these days. For us, the more complex challenge is scaling storage and data processing. Ultimately, we came up with a custom architecture based on AWS DynamoDB and S3, coordinated by Apache ZooKeeper, to ensure consistency of stored documents. For big data workflows, our team uses AWS-managed Kafka as well as Apache Spark on AWS EMR, and also AWS Athena and Redshift.

Weak versus strong scaling

On the technical front, we rely on underlying technologies and frameworks that enable scale. Sandeep Ganapatiraju, a lead software development engineer, said the goal of scalability at the e-commerce platformBigCommerceis to increase customer usage with the least amount of technical changes. Multiple simulations of customer types and usage help them plan out when to release new business features.

Since the software is scalable, new features and functionality can be added as companies grow and customer needs change. This allows for a faster time to market and a smaller investment to get started. A scalable cloud architecture is made possible through virtualization. Unlike physical machines whose resources and performance are relatively set, virtual machines virtual machines are highly flexible and can be easily scaled up or down. They can be moved to a different server or hosted on multiple servers at once; workloads and applications can be shifted to larger VMs as needed.

  • Horizontal scalability is how much you can get out of multiple machines.
  • Both relational and non-relational databases can scale up, but eventually, there will be a limit in terms of maximum processing power and throughput.
  • As a middleware, we’ve introduced GraphQL into the stack to handle resolving requests made from our web app to multiple services at once.
  • StarkNet is a general purpose rollup launched by StarkWare, and completed its launch in February this year.
  • The default setup creates replica sets and mongods for each of the shards and the config servers.
  • Scalability is the engineering work necessary to maintain the quality that users expect even in the face of such unexpected growth.

At this stage, Immutable X is still an ecosystem where web3 games and NFTs can interact and build off one another, while Avalanche subnets are individually siloed off into modular blockchains. This causes fractured liquidity and a centralized sequencing process that could induce security concerns. However, Immutable X’s newly unveiled cross-rollup liquidity solutions might bode well for a more liquid rollup ecosystem. A recurring issue for general purpose ZK-Rollups lies in their EVM compatibility. We’ve noticed that most DeFi players in Ethereum select Optimistic Rollups or Polygon PoS as their L2 scaling solution. For example, Curve opted for Optimism; Aave V3 for Polygon, Optimism and Arbitrum; and Uniswap has expanded to both Optimism and Polygon.


And on the front end, we’ve revamped the UI and UX to gracefully handle the demand for accessing and manipulating large amounts of data. The amount of data flowing from server to client increases as we onboard larger enterprise customers, difference between scalability and elasticity in cloud computing and it’s these technologies that allow us to scale to meet their needs. When it comes to a software product that people will pay money for, scalability refers to how that product will handle the workload of its users .

Scalability explained

Businesses must be scalable to effectively handle rapid growth without experiencing bottlenecks. Organizations are frequently compelled to implement various re-structuring techniques when procedural or strategic bottlenecks arise, which may have far-reaching effects. These effects present themselves when running operations that are crucial in attaining organizational objectives. However, attaining profitability will only be a surface-level success.

Learned something new? Read more Software Engineering Lessons from Production

It is a best practice to automate as much as you can in all aspects of the development process. Horizontal scalability is how much you can get out of multiple machines. Primary considerations here are developer experience, managing servers, coordinating tasks, communication between nodes, and cost. Scaling a server is the process of adjusting the computing resources of a server to increase its performance. Scaling groups refer to adding servers that work on the same task in a single group, which allows these servers to be managed together. Based on user demand, the number of servers within the group can be adjusted.

In a similar vein, Sorare wasn’t able to repeat its success in the Ethereum mainnet after moving into rollups. Despite the lack of success for ZK-Rollups in the aforementioned examples, in contrast, subnets from Avalanche have found a more solid footing in both NFT and web3 games. The first, through solutions like Immutable X, and the second is by building up a separate ZK-Rollup, similar to what Sorare has opted for. Comparing the two methods, Immutable X’s solution has proven to be more cost-effective. However, it’s important to note that Immutable X is still lacking in adoption, and that ZK-Rollups have yet to gain traction in the web3 gaming space thus far. It offers zero gas fees and instant trades by moving computation off-chain.

Scalability explained

Robust engineering practices and a culture of customer obsession are key to building products with love, care and scalability in mind. We often care about shaving off a few milliseconds to make the user experience better. The large abundance of services that AWS provides enables us to easily create, build and deploy services that contain core functionalities of our VOD platform on a global scale. Director of Engineering Noah Appel said scalability atINTURN, a company that turns excess inventory into capital, requires onboarding training for their clients’ engineers as they scale. To enhance the customer experience, Appel’s team built new languages, frameworks and philosophies into their tech stack.

Examples of Scaling Software

You may also consider a third-party configuration management service or tool to help manage your scaling needs, goals and implementation. Connect & Secure Apps & Clouds Deliver security and networking as a built-in distributed service across users, apps, devices, and workloads in any cloud. There was some small “controversy” early on in the pandemic about how fast Zoom actually grew in early 2020, but it’s undeniable that they grew incredibly fast. They became the go-to video chat service in the U.S. during the technology’s biggest boom. 2) It is the ability not only to function well in the rescaled situation, but to actually take full advantage of it. 1) The ability of a computer application or product to continue to function well when it is changed in size or volume in order to meet a user need.

Basic Principles of Scalable Software

Most of us have gained some appreciation of scale issues when we have tried to use a website for some service or requirement that has ‘gone viral’ and crashed. Whether it be ordering Covid-19 tests, trying to get concert tickets or an attempt to gain access to our home gas supplier website during the current energy crisis, we’ve all seen systems go down. Finding excellent human resources and retaining them is part of scaling a business. An efficient business model gives them training in managing daily operations and the authority to carry them out. It also celebrates those with a track record of success in business development.

Fluid Truck Share’s CTO Leonardo Amigoni appreciates Google’s compiled programming language Golang because of its lightweight nature. He said it has allowed his team to focus on the community truck sharing platform’s business needs rather than being burdened by their own technology. Fluid Truck Share is built on microservices architecture so that the engineering team can scale parts of the system individually. Scalability means having a reliable service that can handle two or two million customers without downtime, interruptions or delays in service. Second, we want to make sure that our infrastructure can scale up or scale down without manual oversight. Our goal is not to waste resources if only two people are using our site and not to let our customer experience suffer if two million people are using our site.

Both relational and non-relational databases can scale up, but eventually, there will be a limit in terms of maximum processing power and throughput. Additionally, there are increased costs with scaling up to high-performing hardware, as costs do not scale linearly. Sphera, a risk management software company, can’t afford to have its platforms experience even a moment of downtime. That’s why the engineering team turned to Microsoft Azure, a robust technology Albion says is equipped to handle the scaling and support of each one of its products. “The use of managed and proven technologies allows us to keep our teams focused on more creative endeavors and building business value,” Albion said. A system’s scalability, as described above, refers to its ability to increase workload with existing hardware resources.

However, the current number of employees they had did not seem adequate. A sound strategy aligned with the company’s objectives can help anticipate problems and successfully handle rapid expansion without bottlenecks. A scalable strategy matched to the business objectives aids in anticipating future problems and successfully managing rapid expansion without bottlenecks. Read about productivity in the workplace and how productivity impacts investments. Investopedia requires writers to use primary sources to support their work. These include white papers, government data, original reporting, and interviews with industry experts.

Over time, datasets typically do not grow uniformly, and various shards will grow at faster rates than others. As your workloads evolve and data sets grow, there will be a need to rebalance data to ensure an even distribution of load across the cluster. This uneven distribution of data is addressed through shard balancing.

NGC Ventures is supportive of web3 entertainment and the underlying infrastructure involved. Metaverses and web3 games are some of the possibilities that have surfaced recently, and we’re excited to see new forms of web3 entertainment being developed. Metaverses might still be a nascent sector, but in time we believe it to be a leading sector even beyond web3. Going forward, we’re keen to be a part of these ecosystems to further develop talent in the NFT and web3 gaming space.